On this day………….370 years ago, King Charles I raised his standard at Nottingham, effectively kicking off the English Civil War of his Cavaliers against the Parliamentary Roundheads.
The war is often portrayed in England as having been a relatively gentlemanly affair, but it has been estimated that 85,000 people died as a result of military action and at least another 100,000 from disease caused by the disorder of war.
At least 150 towns were damaged, and 11,000 houses destroyed. Villages such as Boarstall in Buckinghamshire were razed to the ground. The Royalists sacked Bolton and Liverpool, while the Parliamentarians plundered Worcester ruthlessly.
At Beaminster in Dorset in 1644, a quarrel broke out among Royalist troops occupying the town. A house was set on fire, and within two hours, the flames, fanned by a strong breeze, had burned down more than 140 homes, making this the most destructive fire in England in more than 30 years.